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Letters To The Editor

Your efforts to highlight the mining sector are indeed worth appreciating.  It would be great, if you would also cover the Kalabagh iron refinery project. A steel mill was to be set up at Kalabagh.  Kalabagh has the largest reserves of iron ore in Pakistan. This proposed Steel Mill at Kalabagh should be given priority because it will not only provide job opportunities, but steel production within the country will also increase. The best thing about this project is its reliance on the local iron ore deposits. It allows this proposed Steel Mill to produce steel at cheaper rate than presently being produced by PSM due to its imported and expensive iron ore.

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Editorial

Dear Readers,
The Evaluation of goods has always been a thorn in the neck of importers. The process has been a cause of much debate and there have been various rules defined to streamline the procedure. An impartial and fair valuation system is necessary for smooth flow of goods. Considering Pakistan is a signatory to the WTO agreement on valuation of goods based on transactional value, but somehow the agreement has not been enforced in letter and spirit.
As the transaction value system promotes impartiality, it has always been highly recommended that it is implemented, simply because a transparent mechanism is a hindrance in the flow of kickbacks and commissions. To understand the riddle, we have covered the customs valuation process in detail.

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Technology Review-3D Possible Implications in Pakistani Business Sector

Babar A. Pirzada

3D has been in the market for more than two decades but the technology still remained raw. Gradually it has evolved into a professional, commercially available and growing technology. There are many alternates and options available if you want to go 3D.
Following are the Technologies available in the market for development and use:
With Lenses:
Anaglyphic 3D (with passive red-   cyan lenses: Early Technology)
Polarization 3D (with passive polarized lenses: Mid evolution)
Alternate-frame sequencing (with active shutter lenses: Recent and being used by few companies e.g. nVidia)
Head-mounted display (with a separate display positioned in front of each eye, and lenses used primarily to relax eye focus: Mostly being used in Defense)
Without Lenses:
Autostereoscopic displays (sometimes referred to commercially as Auto 3D: Recent and is under extensive research)
Though the demand of 3D in Home products and entertainment centers is growing, but Business sector is still reluctant to adopt of this technology.
My perspective is its possible use in Pakistan (in many sector for enhancing productivity and quality). Possible application of 3D technology is in defense, Industrial sector, services and retailers etc.
Defense:
3D based simulation and training can be a lot productive in increasing efficiency and effectiveness of law enforcement personnel, while saving handsome money and exposing them to dynamic critical security situations. The 3D experience can be enriched with temperature, 3D audio and other add-ons to maximize the reality, especially for elite forces and air force.
Industries:
Our production sector can improve their products and simulate their pre-production designs in a more realistic way while using the 3D technology. There are many industries e.g. vehicle production, surgical, mechanical etc which could utilize the 3D technology for improving their designs and collection of customer orders in a more comprehensive way. 3D Modeling will become fruitful if added with 3D capture and vision.
Services and Retailers:
The retailers and services sector can appeal their customers with 3D demo of their products or upcoming products e.g. a garment store can provide 3D catalogue at its outlet of the products not available or coming in. This would save their display (Sample) cost and space. Likewise a travel agency can capture the visuals of their destinations etc in 3D and put it on internet or offices for a better presentation of their products.
Education and Training:
Computer based learning and testing is growing in Pakistan but not a remarkable rate. Still keeping in view the context of population, there is a huge potential for embedding 3D in education (Will be more appealing for children and university students), for employee training (It will enrich training experience), Specialized training (for personnel working in tough environments and conditions e.g. Oil drilling, mining, private security, civil aviation etc, as it will not endanger their lives while provide them with realistic training).
Entertainment and Media:
Globally the demand of 3D in entertainment industry is exploding.  In Pakistan, though the demand is not exploding but indeed increasing. There is no rivalry in the 3D TV channel as there in none. If some company enters this market at this time they can skim off the cream. How? Well they can start selling their 3D programs on Blu-Ray, Online etc and capture the 3D enthusiast who speak Urdu (and Hindi which is a derivative of Urdu), as Urdu is spoken and understood by around 1.2 billion (22 % of Global population). 

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